Primary health care describes the effective approach to deliver medical services to the population and is defined by several core values. The main objective and goal of primary care in healthcare is fostering a preventive measure of diseases and promoting holistic health in society. As such, primary health care is a philosophy and an approach to disseminate medical services to the public. Primary health embraces five basic care basics that include rehabilitative, curative, preventive, promotive, and preventive approaches. Nevertheless, there are several primary health care core values that define how the services are made available to the public. These values are the driving force of primary health care services and distinguish it as a holistic unique approach.
Six Core Values of Primary Health Care
According to custom-written nursing papers, these core values include accessibility, public participation, intersectoral cooperation, appropriate technology, health promotion, and comprehensiveness.
- Accessibility core values -define primary health care as available globally and accessible to all people who need it indiscriminately regardless of geographical location. The principle of accessibility is actualized through embracing society has a definitive force in managing and disseminating healthcare services. Subsequently, primary health care will entail the even dispersion of health care professionals to rural and remote areas as well as metropolitan locations. Consequently, clients seeking healthcare will get proportioned care from qualified medical professionals within a short time.
- Public participation core values -focus on encouraging clients and the public to participate in health matters for collective decision making on issues regarding their health. As such, public participation will enable the community to identify health needs for society and provide alternative methods of addressing healthcare requirements. These core values foster diversity and respect as individual needs can be highlighted and tabled for consideration during public participation. Other benefits attached to the public participation principle include enabling comprehensive health strategies for evaluating health care services in society and ensuring health services are well designed and responsive.
- Health promotion –entails education related to health care services, good nutrition habits, health sanitation methods, maternal health, effective childcare health amenities, immunizing children and the general public, and educating the public on ways to prevent and control endemic diseases. The goal and objective of health promotion is to work towards reducing demand for curative and rehabilitative care among the public. The value of healthcare promotion helps families and individuals develop a comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing health outcomes. As such, society is well equipped to counter and maintain their health and well-being by having good health practices.
- Appropriate technology -entails that various forms of health care services appropriately incorporated in the society, communal culture as well as economic activities. This core value is fundamental in the sense that it highlights the significance of more knowledge and the continuous potential building regarding the design and dissemination of health services to the public. Appropriate technology also encompasses having alternative subsidiaries to high-cost and advanced health services. The value of appropriate technology recognizes the importance of initiating innovative models for effective healthcare and service delivery.
- Intersectoral cooperation – acknowledges that health and the virtue of well-being are attached to both social and economic activities. The significance of this value is realized through establishing both national and local healthcare objectives and goals, public policies, inclusive of planning, and assessing healthcare services. When this principle is adopted in primary health care, it facilitates the cooperation of varied health providers to work together collectively and interdependently to meet all the needs of healthcare consumers. Intersectoral cooperation ensures medical professionals fully participate in forming health policies as well as the development and delivery of healthcare services to people.
- Comprehensiveness- is another fundamental value of primary health care and describes the ability to include all elements of health services towards providing quality healthcare. It defines both the scope of health services offered through an effective clinical approach. As such, patients’ needs ought to be fully covered during their visit to health care centers. This is achieved by putting into consideration the psychological needs of the patient such as the physical, emotional, and social aspects; that influence the recovery process of the sick person.
Primary health care core values are fundamental in healthcare since they provide and set norms and principles of operation among medical providers. These values help establish the holistic nature of primary health care through redefining healthcare as not only medical dissemination centers but also a system that fully embraces both the psychological and medical needs of the society. As such, these values help primary health care achieve the set objectives and goals for effective medical care outcomes. Consequently, society becomes aware of how primary healthcare functions and operates to impact good health practices in the community in a more dynamic interactive way.